The Lancet

 [Comment] A snapshot of surgical outcomes and needs in Africa
It is estimated that two-thirds of the world's population do not have access to safe, affordable, and timely surgical care.1 Around 16·9 million people die from conditions that require surgical care each year, most of them in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs).2 In 2014, Jim Kim, President of the World Bank, challenged the global community to address this injustice, and to develop targets to measure progress on effective coverage of surgical interventions.3 In response, the global surgery community developed a set of core surgical indicators that measure timely access, provider density, operative volume, surgical safety, and financial effects.