Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism

 Vitamin D and calcium in the human breast milk
 
Vitamin D and calcium in the human milk is essential for the growth and the prevention of rickets in infants. In this review, we will discuss the physiology and the functions of vitamin D and calcium and the mechanisms of vitamin D and calcium transfer into the human breast milk. This review describes the recommended intake of vitamin D and calcium for infants and lactating mothers and the factors influencing the content of vitamin D and calcium in human milk. Furthermore, the measurement of vitamin D compounds and calcium in human breast milk is described in this review.