Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism

 Diagnosis and management of hyperthyroidism from prenatal life to adolescence
Hyperthyroidism in children is a rare heterogeneous syndrome characterized by excessive thyroid hormone production. Its manifestations differ according to disease severity. For all forms of hyperthyroidism, treatment aims to restore a euthyroid state, enabling the child to demonstrate appropriate metabolism, growth, and neurocognitive development. Graves? disease is the most frequent cause of hyperthyroidism in children. Treatment modalities include antithyroid drugs, with the advantage that prolonged treatment for several years can be followed by freedom from medical intervention in about 40-50% of cases.